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01 Thebesian Veins by Adam Christianus Thebesius

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    May 25, 2014 4:47:51 PM PDT

    Disputatio Medica Inauguralis De Circulo Sanguinis in Corde


    Thebesian veins 1708 Thebesius AC

    This post was edited by DrSocial Admin at April 7, 2015 3:53:34 PM PDT
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    August 14, 2014 10:38:55 PM PDT

    The smallest cardiac veins or Thebesian veins or veins of Thebesius are minute valveless veins in the walls of all four heart chambers and they are often confused with the distinct set of arterial connections, the "vessels of Wearn".[1] They are reportedly most abundant in the right atrium and least in the left ventricle. They drain the myocardium[2] and pass through the endocardial layer to empty mostly into the right atrium, but a few empty into the ventricles. This is different from most cardiac veins, which normally empty into the cardiac sinus, which then empties into the right atrium. The openings of the chambers are called the foramina venarum minimarum.

    They are named after the German anatomist Adam Christian Thebesius, who described them in a 1708 treatise called Disputatio medica inauguralis de circulo sanguinis in corde.[3][4]


    1. Snodgrass, Brett Thomas (1 July 2012). "Vessels Described by Thebesius and Pratt Are Distinct From Those Described by Vieussens and Wearn". The American Journal of Cardiology 110 (1): 160.doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.04.005PMID 22704295.
    2. A. M. R. Agur; Arthur F. Dalley (2009). Grant's atlas of anatomy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-7817-7055-2. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
    3. synd/4013 at Who Named It?
    4. A. C. Thebesius. Disputatio medica inauguralis de circulo sanguinis in corde. Doctoral dissertation, Leiden, 1708.

    This post was edited by DrSocial Admin at April 7, 2015 3:52:43 PM PDT
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    November 16, 2014 2:48:57 AM PST

    Pratt conducted experiments modeling the coronary-Vein-cameral connections (veins connected to the heart chamber) and defined the vessels of Thebesius as being veins.

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    November 16, 2014 3:01:08 AM PST

    The Vessels of Thebesius, therefore, open from the ventricles and auricles into a system of fine branches that communicate with the coronary arteries and veins by means of capillaries, and with the veins but not with the arteries - by passages of somewhat a larger size." -Pratt

    This effectively means that vessels of Thebesius are Thebesian veins and it is no surprise that any tissue has capillaries connecting arteries and veins.



    A.  Fistula

    B. vessel of Wearn

    C. Thebesian vein



    1. Did trauma cause it, eg, a bullet through the heart?

    1. If yes, => it is a fistula, connecting to a coronary vessel. Call Surgery / Cardiology, etc..

    1b If no => go to question 2.


    Is the it connecting a heart chamber to an artery or a vein.

    2a. To an artery =>  vessel of Wearn (or whatever you prefer to call it and get internationally adopoted). 

    2b.  To a vein => Thebesian vein.

    Heart chamber connects to a "larger" heart vessel intramyocardial & subepicardial coronary vessels)

    This post was edited by DrSocial Admin at April 7, 2015 3:57:04 PM PDT